ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) is a neurological disorder which is present from birth. ADHD symptoms can be seen as early as childhood and continue into adulthood, with symptoms changing and adapting with age and maturity.
Typical symptoms of ADHD include:
Due to the difficulties listed above, people with ADHD often require support with learning to implement structure in their daily lives, being organised and with problem solving. Therefore, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), in most cases, is an ideal fit. One of CBT’s basic principles of practice is for it to follow a clear structure to help make clear to the patient what to expect, and to maximise the time used on CBT – the type of environment someone with ADHD can thrive in.
As aforementioned, with CBT taking a structured approach during sessions, this can make it ideal for someone hoping to manage their ADHD better whether its a child learning to manage ADHD or managing ADHD in Adults While learning and implementing new strategies as homework exercises is key, CBT also takes into account that homework assignments may be challenging. CBT takes a step-by-step approach with each exercise, demonstrating problem-solving along the way to help identify barriers for engagement and how to overcome them.
In addition to these new strategies that can help compensate for the core symptoms of ADHD, CBT is also ideal for taking a whole-person approach and encompassing psychological presentations into the ADHD treatment plan. It is not uncommon for psychological comorbidities to present alongside ADHD. People with ADHD are likely to experience setbacks in their lives due to growing up in a society that caters for neurotypical people. This may lead to negative thought biases, self-doubt, and low self-esteem. In the case of mood and anxiety disorders, CBT has been an increasingly popular treatment for many common mental health disorders and difficulties, with growing evidence for its effectiveness.
The most effective treatment plan is likely to be that which takes all the conditions into account. When adapted for ADHD, CBT will consider how impulsivity and inventiveness symptoms can add to unhelpful thought biases and behaviours, that in turn can impact your emotional and physical anxiety.
CBT sessions, when used for ADHD, are designed to help patients build upon skills to assist with the management of their symptoms. Below, we explore some specific techniques:
When it comes to managing ADHD symptoms, there are a wide range of options available. CBT is an evidence-based therapy with substantial research backing for its use and effectiveness when working with ADHD, in addition to common mental health difficulties. With an effective and practical CBT therapy plan, a person with ADHD can get the help they need to manage challenging situations in their daily lives.
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